Collation and Dissemination of Information

80. In order to facilitate technological flows and industrial cooperation between developing countries in specific sectors and projects by correlating mutual capabilities and capacities with requirements, the Conference recommended the following action:

  1. Publish periodically, with the assistance of a competent international organization or agency, an industrial bulletin which would contain, inter alia, the following information:

    1. details of new industrial capacity and the type of assistance or cooperation required;
    2. details of requirements for modernization and strengthening of existing industrial units (good, services, technology);
    3. sources of technology, industrial equipment and other inputs;
  1. Consider the desirability of creating an association and organizing periodic meetings of national chambers of commerce and/or industry, or equivalent national bodies, as a means of increasing the flow of information and cooperation in the construction of new industrial projects and modernization of existing units;
  1. Establish a system for the exchange of information on:
    1. national policies relating to industrialization including priorities, targets, manpower training and appropriate financing;
    2. the activities of transnational corporations operating in developing countries, especially those involved in the production of industrial manufactures;
    3. technical and financial specifications relating to contracts with the developed countries so as to reduce costs and strengthen negotiating capacity of developing countries.

Cooperation in the Construction of New Industrial Projects and Modernization of Existing Units

81. In order to help create favourable conditions conducive to joint ventures, multinational production enterprises or other practical ways of cooperation as may be decided by interested developing countries in a particular industrial sector, the Conference recommended the following action:

  1. Establishment of projects of industrial cooperation involving transfer of technology and setting up of joint ventures aimed at promoting self-reliance by utilizing complementarities in skills, capabilities and markets and other relevant resources, and with due reference to the priority sectors, such as:
    1. raw materials
    2. fisheries, agriculture and agro-industries
    3. mining and mineral processing
    4. petrochemicals, chemicals, fertilizers and pharmaceuticals
    5. intermediate and capital goods industries
    6. textiles
    7. forest-based industries
    8. building materials
    9. power generation
  1. Specific consideration to further the implementation of the interregional programme on Pharmaceuticals, as well as to other projects of a similar nature;
  1. Application of technology directed towards increasing the energy-efficiency of industrial processes and equipment;
  1. Promotion and encouragement of joint ventures and agreements to increase the potential of energy resources of developing countries on bilateral, subregional and regional levels;
  1. Establishment of an appropriate mechanism to encourage the interchange of experience and information on projects executed in a developing country for the construction of similar units in other developing countries;
  1. Promotion of trade fairs and industrial exhibitions to propagate the capabilities of developing countries particularly in the priority sectors. In order to achieve this purpose, the following was recommended:
    1. any developing country with an established national fair specializing in one or more branches of industry, particularly the capital goods industry, should consider the possibility of opening such an exposition to other countries from the Group of 77;
    2. the announcement of such an initiative will be made utilizing diplomatic or other channels at least 18 months in advance;
    3. the host country will advise any existing national research and development institution dealing with the industrial fields concerned to organize, as appropriate, seminars or symposia in collaboration with the counterpart institutions in the developing countries to be held during the fair;
    4. other developing countries wishing to participate in such fairs will be awarded the usual facilities of international expositions;
    5. developing countries should be so represented as to facilitate exploratory negotiations concerning joint ventures.
  1. Identification of sectors in which joint ventures could respond to urgent needs in the developing countries at the bilateral, subregional, regional and interregional levels, and establishment of priorities and undertaking of corresponding feasibility studies in order to promote and implement specific projects.

Enhancement of Industrial Capacities through Joint Efforts

82. In order to join efforts in all fields of industrialization, particularly in those areas where individual national resources are inadequate or where joint efforts are more likely to promote the overall development of developing countries, the Conference recommended the following action:

  1. Harmonizing the potential of existing national, subregional, regional and intereregional institutions dealing with project preparation, including training for promoting economic cooperation among developing countries. A coordinating mechanism among such institutions would allow:
    1. a better integration of the work of the national organizations responsible for the pre-investment activities;
    2. the improvement of the pre-investment process in the developing countries through the exchange of information and experiences in this fields;
    3. the strengthening of the negotiating capacity of developing countries in all aspects related to industrial projects;
    4. the improvement of the knowledge about alternative technological options in order to achieve a better utilization of resources;
    5. the harmonization of pre-investment policies so as to facilitate joint ventures among developing countries;
    6. the achievement of a higher efficiency of the organizations responsible for the financing of industrial studies by improving its human resources, and administrative and operational capabilities;
  1. Establishment of a system of cooperation and coordination among developing countries on specific industrial sectors, at the regional, subregional and interregional levels. These meetings will bring together, by industrial sector, those involved in production. The meetings, which should be held periodically, will assist developing countries to:

Such meetings should result in:

  1. Assist requesting developing countries, particularly the least developed countries, in specific tasks concerning identification, preparation or evaluation of industrial projects through the utilization of existing expertise in other developing countries. To this end:
    1. interested developing countries could directly approach other members of the Group of 77 in New York indicating their requirement for consultancy or other services for identification of industrial opportunities, preparation, and evaluation of specific projects;
    2. other developing countries in a position to do so would submit names of national experts, or organizations and enterprises through their missions in New York to the requesting country who will make appropriate selections;
  1. Setting up of task forces of national experts or organizations for assistance in specific industrial projects. The functioning of such a mechanism would be reviewed after two years of its operation;
  1. Compilation by the developing countries of a directory aimed at facilitating industrial cooperation among themselves in specific industrial sectors correlating mutual cooperation and capacities with their requirements;
  1. Discussion and coordination of matters of mutual interest among developing countries prior to their attending the meetings organized within the UNIDO System of Consultations;
  1. Coordination by focal points with international financial institutions in undertaking feasibility studies and financing new industrial infrastructures.

Cooperation in the Development of Human Resources for Industrialization

83. With respect to cooperation in the development of human resources for industrial development, the Conference recommended the following action:

  1. The cooperation of UNIDO and other relevant international organizations be sought in the publication of information on training facilities that developing countries can provide from 1982 onwards as well as their immediate requirements for training in industrial skills that cannot be met locally.
  2. A high-level meeting be held early in 1982 of officials responsible for industrial manpower training to identify specific areas of cooperation which could lead to:
    1. the conclusion of arrangements-agreements at the subregional, regional and interregional levels in developing human resources;
    2. the preparation of long-term programmes of cooperation for the exchange of experience and skills, and to improve and coordinate national centres of excellence for industrial training and management;
    3. the strengthening of existing institutions and establishing of new ones in priority areas, for which financing will be sought from UNDP as well as regional and interregional financial institutions.
  1. Other action-oriented measures be undertaken at national and international levels for the:

    1. establishment of a machinery, preferably through the cooperation of regional economic commissions or other relevant regional organizations, UNIDO as well as UNESCO, to facilitate placement in appropriate institutions between interested countries;
    2. encouragement of free movement of surplus trained manpower among developing countries through mutually beneficial arrangements between interested countries;
    3. establishment of scholarships and financial grants to pay for the cost of counterpart training;
    4. consolidation and integration of fellowship and scholarship programmes for technical manpower training;
    5. encouragement of regional or multinational specialized training and research institutions;
    6. Organization of course, seminars and other training facilities designed to improve the technical and managerial capacity of developing countries in dealing with problems inherent in industrial development. For this purpose, arrangements should be made with national, sub-regional, regional and interregional institutions. 84. The Group of 77 in Vienna is entrusted with the task of convening a meeting in 1982 or as soon as possible thereafter, that would analyze the measures agreed above related to ECDC in the field of industrialization with a view to enhancing their implementation.

84. The Group of 77 in Vienna is entrusted with the task of convening a meeting in 1982 or as soon as possible thereafter, that would analyze the measures agreed above related to ECDC in the field of industrialization with a view to enhancing their implementation.

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