STATEMENT ON BEHALF OF GROUP OF 77 AND CHINA BY MR. JAMIL AHMAD OF ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN ON 'ENERGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT' IN THE FIFTEENTH SESSION OF COMMISSION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (CSD-15) (New York, 1 May 2007)
Ladies and gentlemen,
It is my pleasure to make this contribution on behalf of Group of 77 and China to our discussion on “Energy for Sustainable Development”.
The Group of 77 & China is convinced of the importance of addressing the four thematic issues of CSD-15: Energy for Sustainable Development, industrial development, climate change and air/atmospheric pollution within the over arching framework of sustainable development and its three pillars: economic development, social development, and environmental protection.
The World Summit on Sustainable Development recognized the three overarching objectives of sustainable development as: protecting natural resources, eradicating poverty, and changing unsustainable production and consumption patterns. It is in this context, and while reaffirming the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities in protecting the environment and promoting sustainable development, that we call for policies and actions that will enable the developing countries to bridge the ever-widening gap between the rich and the poor.
Increasing growth and subsequent increasing energy demand is putting strains on the existing resources of developing countries. We are faced with formidable task of meeting the increasing demand for energy to achieve the goals of sustainable development. At the same time, increasing access to energy and enhanced energy efficiency are other challenges that we face.
We emphasize the need for adequate, predictable, new and additional financial resources, technology transfer and political will, as well as commitment to innovative ways of applying energy efficient, environmentally sound, cost-effective and socially acceptable technologies and systems.
We agree with the statement in the Chairman’s negotiating text that fossil fuels will continue to play a dominant role in the energy mix in the decades to come, therefore, the development and use of advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies should be increased. More efforts should go into supporting the further development and dissemination of those technologies.
At the same time, we are cognizant of the need to diversify energy supply and developing advanced, cleaner, more efficient affordable and cost-effective energy technologies, including fossil fuel technologies and renewable energy technologies, hydro included and their transfer to developing countries on concessional terms as mutually agreed. Substantial increase in the global share of renewable energy sources is an urgent imperative; with the objective of increasing it’s contribution to total energy supply, recognizing the role of national and regional voluntary targets and initiatives, where they exist. It is important to ensure that energy policies are supportive of developing countries’ efforts aimed at eradication of poverty, and that available data to review progress to this end is evaluated regularly.
In addition to the policy recommendations already suggested by the G-77 so far, we may submit our further proposals in the coming days. However, the Group would like to re-submit the following policy options for endorsement by CSD-15, which in our view are important to cope with the challenges faced by the world in achieving the goals of energy for sustainable development:
Firstly, access to energy is crucial to economic and social development and the eradication of poverty, it should be increased by actions inter alia, including through:
Secondly, energy efficiency is a win-win solution, it should be improved by actions including through:
Thirdly, assisting developing countries is essential by enhanced international cooperation measures, including through:
Fourthly, regional energy cooperation should be encouraged, by actions including through:
Energy is crucial for sustainable development, poverty eradication and achieving the MDGs. Challenges in this field include: meeting the increasing demand on energy and avoiding gaps between needs and availability; increasing access; enhancing efficiency; strengthening capacity building; the need for adequate predictable new and additional financial resources, technology transfer and political will, as well as commitment to innovative ways of applying energy efficient, environmentally sound, cost effective and socially acceptable technologies and systems; education and awareness-raising, energy regulations and enforcement and changing unsustainable patterns of consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead.
It is our hope that outcome of CSD-15 will provide guidance to overcome these challenges and lead to the implementation of policy options on Energy for Sustainable Development.
I thank you.