STATEMENT ON BEHALF OF THE GROUP OF 77 AND CHINA BY MR. MARVIN IKONDERE, THIRD SECRETARY OF THE PERMANENT MISSION OF UGANDA TO THE UNITED NATIONS, ON CHAPTER THREE OF THE PACT FOR THE FUTURE (New York, 7 February 2024)
Distinguished co-facilitators of the Summit of the Future, ExcellencIes,
We have the honor of deliver this statement on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
We appreciate the work that has been made in chapter 3 on Science, Technology, Innovation and Digital Cooperation however, we wish to remind member states that the Summit of the Future is meant to turbo-charge the SDGs, therefore, the Pact for the Future, in its third chapter must comprehensively address the issue of means of implementation for the 2030 Agenda, particularly, technology and knowledge transfer.
This chapter should stress the important role of science, technology and innovation as pillars, enablers, and catalysts to support sustained, inclusive, and sustainable growth, accelerating the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, as well as achieving other internationally agreed development goals.
In this regard, this Chapter should call upon the international community to foster an open, fair, inclusive, and non-discriminatory environment for scientific and technological development and to support the efforts of the countries of the South to develop and strengthen their national science, technology and innovation systems.
It should include commitments to intensify efforts to extend to all States the benefits derived from science, technology, and innovation with a view to promoting their contribution to socio-economic development, including the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals.
This Chapter should address the existing disparities between developed and developing countries in terms of conditions, possibilities, and capacities to produce new scientific and technological knowledge. Therefore, it should call upon the international community, the United Nations System, and the International Financial Institutions to support the efforts of the countries of the South to develop and strengthen their national science, technology, and innovation systems.
Chapter 3 ought to emphasizes the importance of the full and equal participation of all countries in any decisions and processes regarding recommendations for the international governance of artificial intelligence. Any governance frameworks to be developed for artificial intelligence or any other new and emerging technologies must consider the particular needs of developing countries, and should address the potential misuse, including for criminal purposes, of these technologies. To achieve this goal, transfer of technology and knowledge on favorable terms for developing countries, as well as associated capacity-building are of vital importance.
The chapter should also recognize the need to advance fair, inclusive and effective data governance, as well as to enhance the capacity of developing countries of benefiting from the use of digital public goods, including open software and open data, while protecting them from monopolies and unfair practices. nd China also believes that science, technology, and innovation should be at the service of humanity to face the most pressing global crises. The chapter should therefore recognize that flexibilities to intellectual property rights are very important to face future global shocks.
Chapter 3 must therefore provide concrete solutions for the promotion of technology and knowledge transfer from developed countries to developing countries, as well as for capacity building and technological and scientific cooperation to close the digital and technological divide among and within countries and foster sustainable development in its three dimensions in a balanced and integrated manner.